Methodology to proceed to the calculation of ecological footprint of the exhibition areas at the Zoológico de Cali

  • Sory Carola Torres Quintero Universidad Icesi, Cali
  • Andrés López Astudillo Universidad Icesi, Cali
  • Marcela Moreno Duque Universidad Icesi, Cali
  • Luis Ángel Restrepo Universidad Icesi, Cali
Keywords: Ecological footprint, industrial ecology, eco-efficiency, clean production, water footprint, carbon footprint, environmental impact.


The design, development and calculation of the Ecological Footprint are a universally accepted concept to measure and dimension the impact of human activities on natural resources. This article is the result of the investigation conducted at the Zoo of Cali (Colombia), in which an instrument was designed, applied and validated to determine the ecological footprint of the exhibition areas the different species of animals between July and November 2009. This is the first experience in Colombia to measure the footprint in a Zoo, which regards this service as a unique and exceptional activity. The development of this trail involved the lifting of eco maps and operational processes of each exhibition, as well as evaluating the types of resources consumed and the amount of waste they generate, to proceed to the calculation of the overall impact. The article is accompanied by an Excel tool, available for download at the site of the magazine.

Author Biographies

Sory Carola Torres Quintero, Universidad Icesi, Cali
Biographical statement available in spanish
Andrés López Astudillo, Universidad Icesi, Cali
Biographical statement available in spanish
Marcela Moreno Duque, Universidad Icesi, Cali
Biographical statement available in spanish
Luis Ángel Restrepo, Universidad Icesi, Cali
Biographical statement available in spanish


Asociación Mundial de Zoos y Acuarios [WAZA]. (2006). Construyendo un futuro para la fauna salvaje. La estrategia mundial de los zoos y acuarios para la conservación. Berna, Suiza: autor

Badii, M. H. (2008). La huella ecológica y sustentabilidad. Daena: International Journal of Good Conscience. 3(1), 672-678.

De Miguel, I (2008, Agosto 11). Bioparques, zoológicos y otras exposiciones de fauna viva. Recuperado de:

Díaz R., & Escárcega, S. (2009). Desarrollo sustentable, oportunidad para la vida. Ciudad de México, México: McGraw Hill.

Domenech J.L. (2009). Huella ecológica y desarrollo sostenible. Madrid, España: Aenor.

Global Footprint Network [GFN]. (2003). Footprint calculator. Recuperado de

Hofer R. (2009). Sustainable solutions for modern economies, Reino Unido, RSC Publishing.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC], (2009). IPCC reports [Web site].Recuperado de

Ministerio de obras públicas (1993). Guía para la elaboración de estudios del medio físico. Madrid, España: autor.

Wackernagel, M. (1998a). The Ecological Footprint of Santiago de Chile. Local Environment, 3(1), 7-25. [Hoja de cálculo:]

Wackernagel, M. (1998b). Hoja de cálculo de la huella ecológica de Italia. Recuperado de:

Wackernagel, M., Dholakia, R., Deumling, D. and Richardson, D. (2000). Redefining Progress, Assess your Household's Ecological Footprintv 2.0. [Hoja de cálculo]. Recuperado de ef_household_evaluation.xls

Wackernagel, R., & Rees, W. (1996). Our ecological footprint. Reducing human impact on Earth. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society.

Wang, X. (2010). Measuring the ecological footprint of zoos by developing a calculation tool - Application on Paignton Zoo-UK [Tesis de maestría]. UEA, Gran Bretaña. Recuperado de

Zoos Victoria (2012). Our environmental footprint. Recuperado de
Original Research