El éxito del fracaso: casos de discontinuidad de iniciativas empresariales jóvenes en el sector de software y servicios informáticos

  • María Dolores Dupleix, M.Sc. Profesor Investigador, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Claudia D'Annunzio, M.Sc. Profesor Investigador Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Palabras clave: fracaso, discontinuidad empresarial, aprendizaje, trayectoria, experiencia

Resumen

Los estudios sobre Emprendimiento han realizado importantes esfuerzos por determinar el éxito empresarial, estigmatizando bajo la connotación negativa de fracaso la discontinuidad de iniciativas empresariales. A partir de la literatura del fracaso, que identifica factores determinantes, síntomas y efectos, el presente trabajo busca comprender cómo enfrentan y perciben los emprendedores la discontinuidad de iniciativas empresariales en etapas tempranas y cómo afecta sus trayectorias. Se presenta un estudio de casos múltiples basado en historias empresariales de emprendedores de un Polo Informático en Argentina. Los resultados demuestran que los individuos transforman lo sucedido en experiencia, absorbiendo aprendizajes útiles para su desarrollo personal y profesional, aunque continúen o no emprendiendo. Se pretende contribuir a la desestigmatización del fracaso, entendiéndolo como parte del proceso empresarial.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Alvarez, S. A. y Barney, J. B. (2004). Organizing rent generation and appropriation: toward a theory of the entrepreneurial firm.Journal of Business Venturing, 19(5), 621-635.

Argenti, J. (1976). Corporate collapse: The causes and symptoms. London: McGraw-Hill.

Artinger, S. y Powell, T. C. (2016). Entrepreneurial failure: Statistical and psychological explanations.Strategic Management Journal, 37(6), 1047-1064.

Bates, T. (2005). Analysis of young, small firms that have closed: delineating successful from unsuccessful closures.Journal of Business Venturing, 20(3), 343-358.

Byrne, O. y Shepherd, D. A. (2015). Different strokes for different folks: Entrepreneurial narratives of emotion, cognition, and making sense of business failure.Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39(2), 375-405.

Cameron, K. S., Sutton, R. y Whetten, D. A. (1988). Issues in organizational decline. En K.S. Cameron, R. I. Sutton y D. A. Whetten (Eds.), Readings in organizational decline: Frameworks, research, and prescriptions (pp. 3-19). Boston: Ballinger Publishing Company.

Cardon, M. S., Stevens, C. E. y Potter, D. R. (2011). Misfortunes or mistakes? Cultural sensemaking of entrepreneurial failure. Journal of Business Venturing, 26(1), 79-92.

Coelho, P. R. P. y McClure, J. E. (2005). Learning from Failure. Mid-American Journal of Business, 20(1), 13-20.

Cope, J. (2011). Entrepreneurial learning from failure: an interpretative phenomenological analysis. Journal of Business Venturing, 26(6), 604-623.

Crutzen, N. y Van Caillie, D. (2008). The business failure process: An integrative model of the literature. Review of Business and Economics, 53(3), 287-316.

Delmar, F. y Shane, S. (2003). Does business planning facilitate the development of new ventures?.Strategic Management Journal, 24(12), 1165-1185.

Delmar, F. y Shane, S. (2004). Legitimating first: Organizing activities and the survival of new ventures.Journal of Business Venturing, 19(3), 385-410.

DeTienne, D. y Wennberg, K. (2016). Studying exit from entrepreneurship: New directions and insights. International Small Business Journal, 34(2), 151-156.

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532-550.

Eisenhardt, K. M. y Graebner, M. E. (2007). Theory building from cases: Opportunities and challenges. Academy of Management Journal, 50(1), 25-32.

Everett, J. y Watson, J. (1998). Small business failure and external risk factors. Small Business Economics, 11(4), 371-390.

Finkelstein, S. (2003). Toward developing an organizational capability of learning from mistakes. En C. Helfat (Ed.) The SMS Blackwell Handbook of Organizational Capabilities: Emergence, development and change (pp. 415-421). Malden: Blackwell Publishers.

Goffman, E. (1963). Behavior in public places: Notes on the social organization of gatherings. New York: Free Press.

Hambrick, D. y Mason, P. (1984). Upper echelons: the organization as a reflection of top managers. Academy of Management Review, 9, 193-206.

Hambrick, D.C., Cho, T.S. y Chen, M. J. (1996). The influence of top management team heterogeneity on firms’ competitive moves. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41, 659-684.

Headd, B. (2003). Redefining business success: Distinguishing between closure and failure. Small Business Economics, 21(1), 51-61.

Heider, F. (1958). The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations. New York: Wiley.

Jenkins, A. y McKelvie, A. (2016). What is entrepreneurial failure? Implications for future research.International Small Business Journal,34(2), 176-188.

Jennings, P. L. y Beaver, G. (1995). The managerial dimension of small business failure. Strategic Change, 4(4), 185-200.

Khelil, N. (2016). The many faces of entrepreneurial failure: Insights from an empirical taxonomy.Journal of Business Venturing, 31(1), 72-94.

Koksal, A. y Arditi, D. (2004). Predicting construction company decline. Journal of construction engineering and management, 130(6), 799-807.

Liao, J. (2004). Entrepreneurship Failures: Key Challenges and Future Directions. En H. P. Welsch (Ed.), Entrepreneurship: the Way Ahead (pp. 133-150). New York: Routledge.

Madsen, P. y Desai, V. (2010). Failing to learn? The effects of failure and success on organizational learning in the global orbital launch vehicle industry. Academy of Management Journal, 53(3), 451-476.

Mandl, C., Berger, E. S y Kuckertz, A. (2016). Do you plead guilty? Exploring entrepreneurs’ sensemaking-behavior link after business failure. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 5, 9-13.

Mantere, S., Aula, P., Schildt, H. y Vaara, E. (2013). Narrative attributions of entrepreneurial failure. Journal of Business Venturing, 28(4), 459-473.

McGahan, A.M. y Porter, M.E. (1997). How much does industry matter, really? Strategic Management Journal, 18, 15-30.

Mellahi, K. (2005). The dynamics of boards of directors in failing organizations. Long Range Planning, 38(3), 261-279.

Mellahi, K. y Wilkinson, A. (2004). Organizational failure: a critique of recent research and a proposed integrative framework. International Journal of Management Reviews, 5(1), 21-41.

Mellahi, K., Jackson, P. y Sparks, L. (2002). An exploratory study into failure in successful organizations: the case of Marks and Spencer. British Journal of Management, 13(1), 15-30.

Milkovich, G. T. (1987). Compensation systems in high technology companies. New perspectives on compensation. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Politis, D. y Gabrielsson, J. (2009). Entrepreneurs’ attitudes towards failure: An experiential learning approach. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 15(4), 364-383.

Ropega, J. (2011). The reasons and symptoms of failure in SME. International Advances in Economic Research, 17 (4), 476-483.

Rumelt, R.P. (1991). How much does industry matter? Strategic Management Journal, 12, 167-185.

Shane, S. (2001). Technological opportunities and new firm creation. Management Science, 47(2), 205-220.

Shane, S. y Delmar, F. (2004). Planning for the market: business planning before marketing and the continuation of organizing efforts.Journal of Business Venturing, 19(6), 767-785.

Shane, S. y Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research.Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217-226.

Sharma, S. y Mahajan, V. (1980). Early warning indicators of business failure. The Journal of Marketing, 44, 80-89.

Shepherd, D. A. (2003). Learning from business failure: propositions of grief recovery for the self-employed. Academy of Management Review, 28(2), 318-328.

Shepherd, D. A., Wiklund, J. y Haynie, J. M. (2009). Moving forward: Balancing the financial and emotional costs of business failure. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(2), 134-148.

Sheppard, J.P. y Chowdhury, S.D. (2005). Riding the wrong wave: Organizational failure as a failed turnaround. Long Range Planning, 38(3), 239-260.

Simmons, S. A., Wiklund, J. y Levie, J. (2014). Stigma and business failure: implications for entrepreneurs’ career choices. Small Business Economics, 42(3), 485-505.

Singh, S., Corner, P. D. y Pavlovich, K. (2015). Failed, not finished: A narrative approach to understanding venture failure stigmatization.Journal of Business Venturing, 30(1), 150-166.

Singh, S., Corner, P.D. y Pavlovich, K. (2007). Coping with entrepreneurial failure.Journal of Management & Organization, 13(4), 331-344.

Stokes, D. y Blackburn, R. (2002). Learning the hard way: the lessons of owner- managers who have closed their businesses. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 9(1), 17-27.

Szilagyi, A. D. y Schweiger, D.M. (1984). Matching managers to strategies: a review and suggested framework. Academy of Management Review, 9, 626-637.

Theng, L. G. y Boon, J. L. W. (1996). An exploratory study of factors affecting the failure of local small and medium enterprises. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 13(2), 47-61.

Thorburn, K. S. (2000). Bankruptcy auctions: costs, debt recovery, and firm survival.Journal of Financial Economics, 58(3), 337-368.

Thornhill, S. y Amit, R. (2003). Learning about failure: Bankruptcy, firm age, and the resource-based view. Organization Science, 14(5), 497-509.

Ucbasaran, D., Shepherd, D., Lockett, A. y Lyon, J. (2013). Life after Business Failure: the Process and Consequences of Business failure for Entrepreneurs. Journal of Management, 39(1), 163-202.

Veciana, J.M. (1999). Creación de empresas como programa de investigación científica. Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa, 8, 11-35.

Watson, J. y Everett, J. E. (1996). Do small businesses have high failure rates? Evidence from Australian retailers. Journal of Small Business Management, 34(4), 45- 63.

Wennberg, K. y Lindqvist, G. (2010). The effect of clusters on the survival and performance of new firms.Small Business Economics, 34(3), 221-241.

Wiklund, J., Baker, T. y Shepherd, D. (2010). The age effect of financial indicators as buffers against the liabilities of new ness. Journal of Business Venturing, 25, 423-437.

Yamakawa, Y. y Cardon, M. S. (2015). Causal ascriptions and perceived learning from entrepreneurial failure.Small Business Economics, 44(4), 797-820.

Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Zacharakis, A.L., Meyer, G. y DeCastro, J. (1999). Differing perception of new venture failure: a matched exploratory study of venture capitalists and entrepreneurs. Journal of Small Business Management, 37, 1-14.

Zellweger, T. y Sieger, P. (2012). Entrepreneurial orientation in long-lived family firms.Small Business Economics, 38(1), 67-84.

Publicado
2018-09-25
Cómo citar
Dupleix, M., & D’Annunzio, C. (2018). El éxito del fracaso: casos de discontinuidad de iniciativas empresariales jóvenes en el sector de software y servicios informáticos. Estudios Gerenciales, 34(148), 262-278. https://doi.org/10.18046/j.estger.2018.148.2646
Sección
Artículo de investigación