PERSPECTIVAS TEÓRICAS USADAS PARA EL ESTUDIO DE LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EMPRESARIAL: UNA CLASIFICACIÓN CON BASE EN SU RACIONALIDAD

  • Alejandro Alvarado Herrera Doctor en Economía, Universidad de Valencia, España. Docente e investigador, División de Desarrollo Sustentable, Universidad de Quintana Roo, México
  • Enrique Bigné Alcañiz Doctor en Economía, Universidad de Valencia, España. Docente e investigador, Departamento de Comercialización e Investigación de mercados, Universidad de Valencia, España.
  • Rafael Currás Pérez Doctor en Economía, Universidad de Valencia, España. Docente e investigador, Departamento de Comercialización e Investigación de mercados, Universidad de Valencia, España.
Palabras clave: RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL, RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL DE LA EMPRESA, RACIONALIDAD, EMPRESA Y SOCIEDAD

Resumen

Mediante la exploración en profundidad de la literatura relevante de los últimos treinta y ocho años, este trabajo pretende dos objetivos principales. Primero, identificar, revisar y sintetizar las teorías empleadas en la literatura para el estudio de la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial (RSE), exponiendo tanto sus preceptos fundamentales como las principales críticas a que se han visto sujetas. Segundo, se pretende establecer una clasificación de dichas teorías de la RSE basada en dos criterios: (i) la racionalidad predominante que subyace a cada una de ellas y (ii) la concepción del rol de la institución empresarial en la sociedad que defienden. Esta clasificación es una herramienta útil para combinar apropiadamente perspectivas teóricas con distintas racionalidades, enriqueciendo así la labor de quienes estudian la RSE.

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Publicado
2011-03-31
Cómo citar
Alvarado Herrera, A., Bigné Alcañiz, E., & Currás Pérez, R. (2011). PERSPECTIVAS TEÓRICAS USADAS PARA EL ESTUDIO DE LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EMPRESARIAL: UNA CLASIFICACIÓN CON BASE EN SU RACIONALIDAD. Estudios Gerenciales, 27(118), 115-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0123-5923(11)70149-8
Sección
Artículo de investigación