Autoevaluaciones esenciales y autonomía: un estudio de sus efectos directos e interactivos sobre el entusiasmo laboral en profesionales argentinos

  • Lucas J. Pujol-Cols Investigador, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas - CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Investigador, Centro de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8754-3416
Palabras clave: Personalidad, Autoevaluaciones Esenciales, Autonomía, Modelo de Recursos y Demandas Laborales, Entusiasmo laboral

Resumen

La evidencia acerca del modo en que los recursos personales interactúan con los recursos laborales para predecir el entusiasmo laboral (work engagement) ha sido limitada e inconsistente. Este artículo tiene por objetivo examinar los efectos directos e interactivos de las autoevaluaciones esenciales (core self-evaluations, CSE) y la autonomía sobre el work engagement en una muestra de 136 académicos argentinos. Por un lado, los resultados de los análisis de regresiones jerárquicas revelan que tanto la autonomía como las CSE exhiben un efecto positivo sobre el work engagement. Por el otro, los resultados también demuestran que los efectos de la autonomía sobre dos dimensiones del work engagement, la dedicación y la absorción, se ven moderados por las CSE.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Aiken, L.S., West, S.G. y Reno, R.R. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Alarcon, G. M. y Lyons, J. B. (2011). The relationship of engagement and job satisfaction in working samples. The Journal of Psychology, 145(5), 463-480.

Albrecht, S. (2010). Employee engagement: 10 key questions for research and practice. En S. L. Albrecth (Ed.), Handbook of Employee Engagement: Perspectives, Issues, Research and Practice (pp. 3-19). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Bakker, A.B. y Demerouti, E. (2007). The job demands-resources model: State of the art. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(3), 309-328.

Bakker, A.B., Schaufeli, W.B., Leiter, M.P. y Taris, T.W. (2008). Work engagement: An emerging concept in occupational health psychology. Work & Stress, 22(3), 187-200.

Bakker, A. B. y Bal, M. P. (2010). Weekly work engagement and performance: A study among starting teachers. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83(1), 189-206.

Bakker, A.B. (2011). An evidence-based model of work engagement. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(4), 265-269.

Bakker, A.B. y Demerouti, E. (2013). La teoría de las demandas y los recursos laborales. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 29(3), 107-115.

Bakker, A.B. y Demerouti, E. (2014). Job demands-resources theory. En: Chen PY, Cooper CL. Wellbeing: a complete reference guide. London: John Wiley and Sons.

Bernerth, J.B. y Aguinis, H. (2016). A critical review and best-practice recommendations for control variable usage. Personnel Psychology, 69(1), 229-283.

Bhatnagar, J. (2012). Management of innovation: Role of psychological empowerment, work engagement and turnover intention in the Indian context. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(5), 928-951.

Bowling, N.A., Wang, Q. y Li, H.Y. (2012). The moderating effect of core self-evaluations on the relationships between job attitudes and organisational citizenship behavior. Applied Psychology, 61(1), 97-113.

Breevaart, K., Bakker, A., Hetland, J., Demerouti, E., Olsen, O.K. y Espevik, R. (2014). Daily transactional and transformational leadership and daily employee engagement. Journal of Occupational and Organi zational Psychology, 87(1), 138-157.

Campion, M.A. (1988). Interdisciplinary approaches to job design: A constructive replication with extensions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 73(3), 467-481.

Chang, C.H., Ferris, D.L., Johnson, R.E., Rosen, C.C. y Tan, J.A. (2012). Core self-evaluations: A review and evaluation of the literature. Journal of Management, 38(1), 81-128.

Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S.G. y Aiken, L.S. (2003). Applied multiple co rrelation/regression analysis for the behavioral sciences. London: Ta ylor & Francis.

De Spiegelaere, S., Van Gyes, G., De Witte, H., Niesen, W. y Van Hoote gem, G. (2014). On the relation of job insecurity, job autonomy, inno vative work behaviour and the mediating effect of work engagement. Creativity and Innovation Management, 23(3), 318-330.

Deci, E.L. y Ryan, R.M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268.

Demerouti, E. y Bakker, A.B. (2011). The job demands-resources model: Challenges for future research. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 37(2), 1-9.

Dincer, A., Yesilyurt, S. y Takkac, M. (2012). The effects of autonomy-supportive climates on EFL learner’s engagement, achievement and competence in english speaking classrooms. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 3890-3894.

Dormann, C. y Zapf, D. (2001). Job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of stabilities. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(5), 483-504.

Dormann, C., Fay, D., Zapf, D. y Frese, M. (2006). A state-trait analysis of job satisfaction: on the effect of core self-evaluations. Applied Psy chology, 55(1), 27-51.

Fay, D. y Kamps, A. (2006). Work characteristics and the emergence of a sustainable workforce: do job design principles matter?. Gedrag en Organisatie, 19(2), 184-203.

Ferris, D.L., Rosen, C.R., Johnson, R.E., Brown, D.J., Risavy, S.D. y Heller, D. (2011). Approach or avoidance (or both?): Integrating core self-evaluations within an approach/avoidance framework. Personnel Psychology, 64(1), 137-161.

Frazier, P.A., Tix, A.P. y Barron, K.E. (2004). Testing moderator and me diator effects in counseling psychology research. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51(1), 115-134.

Frese, M. (1999). Social support as a moderator of the relationship between work stressors and psychological dysfunctioning: A longitudinal study with objective measures. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 4(3), 179-192.

Gagné, M. y Deci, E.L. (2005). Selfdetermination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4), 331-362.

Gagné, M. y Bhave, D. (2011). Autonomy in the workplace: An essential ingredient to employee engagement and well-being in every culture. En: Chirkov V, Ryan R, Sheldon K. Human Autonomy in Cross-Cultural Context. Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology. Dordrecht: Springer.

García, M.M., Iglesias, S., Saleta, M. y Romay, J. (2016). Riesgos psico sociales en el profesorado de enseñanza universitaria: diagnóstico y prevención. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 32(3), 173-182.

Grant, A.M., Fried, Y. y Juillerat, T. (2011). Work matters: Job design in classic and contemporary perspectives. En: Zedeck S. APA Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Washington, DC: Ameri can Psychological Association.

Guo, Y., Zhu, Y. y Zhang, L. (2017). Effect of Core Self-Evaluations on Re search Performance among Chinese University Teachers. Current Psychology, 1-5.

Hackman, J.R. y Oldham, G.R. (1976). Motivation through the design of work: Test of a theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 16(2), 250-279.

Hakanen, J.J., Bakker, A.B. y Schaufeli, W.B. (2006). Burnout and work engagement among teachers. Journal of School Psychology, 43(6), 495-513.

Hakanen, J. J., Schaufeli, W. B. y Ahola, K. (2008). The Job Demands- Resources model: A three-year cross-lagged study of burnout, de pression, commitment, and work engagement. Work & Stress, 22(3), 224-241.

Halbesleben, J.R. (2010). A meta-analysis of work engagement: Rela tionships with burnout, demands, resources, and consequences. Work engagement: A Handbook of Essential Theory and Research, 8(1), 102-117.

Harris, K. J., Harvey, P. y Kacmar, K. M. (2009). Do social stressors impact everyone equally? An examination of the moderating impact of core self-evaluations. Journal of Business and Psychology, 24(2), 153-164.

Haynie, J.J., Harris, S.G. y Flynn, C.B. (2016). The mitigating effects of core self-evaluations in uncertain environments. Leadership & Orga nization Development Journal, 37(2), 226-240.

Haynie, J.J., Flynn, C.B. y Mauldin, S. (2017). Proactive personality, core self-evaluations, and engagement: The role of negative emotions. Management Decision, 55(2), 450-463.

Hentrich, S., Zimber, A., Sosnowsky-Waschek, N., Gregersen, S. y Petermann, F. (2017). The role of core self-evaluations in explaining depression and work engagement among managers. Current Psychology, 36(3), 516-529.

Herzberg, F.I. (1966). Work and the nature of man. Oxford: World.

Hsieh, H.H. y Huang, J.T. (2017). Core self-evaluations and job and life satisfaction: the mediating and moderated mediating role of job in security. The Journal of Psychology, 151(3), 282-298.

Judge, T.A., Locke, E.A. y Durham, C.C. (1997). The dispositional causes of job satisfaction: A core evaluations approach. Research in Organizational Behavior, 19(1), 151-188.

Judge, T.A., Erez, A., Bono, J.E. y Thoresen, C.J. (2003). The core self-evaluations scale: Development of a measure. Personnel Psychology, 56(2), 303-331.

Judge, T.A., Bono, J.E., Erez, A. y Locke, E.A. (2005). Core self-evalua tions and job and life satisfaction: the role of self-concordance and goal attainment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(2), 257-268.

Judge, T.A., Ilies, R. y Zhang, Z. (2012). Genetic influences on core self-evaluations, job satisfaction, and work stress: A behavioral genetics mediated model. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Proces ses, 117(1), 208-220.

Judge, T. A., Weiss, H. M., Kammeyer-Mueller, J. D. y Hulin, C. L. (2017). Job attitudes, job satisfaction, and job affect: A century of continuity and of change. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(3), 356-374.

Kacmar, K.M., Collins, B.J., Harris, K.J. y Judge, T.A. (2009). Core self-evaluations and job performance: The role of the perceived work environment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(6), 1572-1580.

Kahn, W.A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of Management Journal, 33(4), 692- 724.

Kammeyer-Mueller, J.D., Judge, T.A. y Scott, B.A. (2009). The role of core self-evaluations in the coping process. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(1), 177-195.

Karasek Jr, R.A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24(2), 285-308.

Karasek, R. y Theorell, T. (1990). Healthy Work: Stress, productivity and the reconstruction of working life. New York: Basic books.

Karatepe, O.M. (2011). Core self-evaluations, exhaustion, and job outco mes: A study of frontline hotel employees in Iran. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 11(4), 248-257.

Kovjanic, S., Schuh, S.C. y Jonas, K. (2013). Transformational leadership and performance: An experimental investigation of the mediating effects of basic needs satisfaction and work engagement. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 86(4), 543-555.

Krumpal, I. (2013). Determinants of social desirability bias in sensitive surveys: a literature review. Quality & Quantity, 47(4), 2025-2047.

Llorens, S., Schaufeli, W., Bakker, A. y Salanova, M. (2007). Does a posi tive gain spiral of resources, efficacy beliefs and engagement exist?. Computers in Human Behavior, 23(1), 825-841.

Lorente Prieto, L., Salanova Soria, M., Martínez Martínez, I. y Schaufeli, W. (2008). Extension of the Job Demands-Resources model in the prediction of burnout and engagement among teachers over time. Psicothema, 20(3), 354-60.

Luthans, F., Youssef, C.M. y Avolio, B.J. (2015). Psychological capital and beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.

Macey, W.H. y Schneider, B. (2008). The meaning of employee engagement. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1(1), 3-30.

Mäkikangas, A. y Kinnunen, U. (2003). Psychosocial work stressors and well-being: Self-esteem and optimism as moderators in a one-year longitudinal sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(3), 537-557.

Mauno, S., Kinnunen, U. y Ruokolainen, M. (2007). Job demands and resources as antecedents of work engagement: A longitudinal study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70(1), 149-171.

Millette, V. y Gagné, M. (2008). Designing volunteers’ tasks to maximize motivation, satisfaction and performance: The impact of job characteristics on volunteer engagement. Motivation and Emotion, 32(1), 11-22.

Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Navarro, A. y Kristensen, T.S. (2005). ISTAS21: Versión en lengua castellana del cuestionario psicosocial de Copenhague (COPSOQ). Archivos de prevención de riesgos laborales, 8(1), 18-29.

Morgeson, F.P. y Humphrey, S.E. (2006). The Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ): developing and validating a comprehensive measure for assessing job design and the nature of work. Journal of Applied Psycho logy, 91(6), 1321-1339.

Ng, T.W. y Feldman, D.C. (2010). Idiosyncratic deals and organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(3), 419-427.

Nguyen, N. y Borteyrou, X. (2016). Core self-evaluations as a mediator of the relationship between person-environment fit and job satisfaction among laboratory technicians. Personality and Individual Diffe rences, 99(1), 89-93.

Nikolaou, I. y Judge, T.A. (2007). Fairness Reactions to Personnel Selec tion Techniques in Greece: The role of core self-evaluations. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 15(2), 206-219.

Ohly, S. y Fritz, C. (2010). Work characteristics, challenge appraisal, creativity, and proactive behavior: A multi-level study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 543-565.

Orth, M. y Volmer, J. (2017). Daily within-person effects of job autonomy and work engagement on innovative behaviour: The cross-level moderating role of creative self-efficacy. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(4), 601-612.

Peng, J., Li, D., Zhang, Z., Tian, Y., Miao, D., Xiao, W. y Zhang, J. (2016). How can core self-evaluations influence job burnout? The key roles of organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Journal of Health Psychology, 21(1), 50-59.

Piccolo, R.F., Judge, T.A., Takahashi, K., Watanabe, N. y Locke, E.A. (2005). Core self-evaluations in Japan: relative effects on job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and happiness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(8), 965-984.

Podsakoff, P.M., MacKenzie, S.B., Lee, J.Y. y Podsakoff, N.P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879-903.

Preacher, K.J., Curran, P.J. y Bauer, D.J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interactions in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31(4), 437-448.

Pujol-Cols, L. J. y Dabos, G.E. (2017, octubre). Factores disposicionales y situacionales en el trabajo: validación de escalas y análisis de sus influencias sobre la Satisfacción Laboral. En K. Collins (Presidente), Liderazgo y Gestión del Capital Humano. 52º Asamblea Anual del Consejo Latinoamericano de Escuelas de Administración - CLADEA 2017. Riverside, Estados Unidos.

Pujol-Cols, L. y Arraigada, M. (2017). Propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Riesgos Psicosociales Copsoq-Istas 21 y aplicación en docentes universitarios argentinos. Cuadernos de Administración, 30(55), 97-125.

Pujol-Cols, L. J. y Dabos, G. E. (2018). Satisfacción laboral: una revisión de la literatura acerca de sus principales determinantes. Estudios Gerenciales, 34(146), 3-18. https://doi.org/10.18046/j.est ger.2018.146.2809

Pujol-Cols, L. y Lazzaro-Salazar, M. (2018). Psychosocial risks and job satisfaction in Argentinian scholars: Exploring the moderating role of work engagement. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.5093/jwop2018a17

Pujol-Cols, L. (2018). Work engagement, satisfacción laboral, salud física y salud mental en académicos de una universidad pública argen tina. Salud de los Trabajadores, 26(1), 6-19.

Pujol-Cols, L. y Arraigada, M. (2018). Propiedades psicométricas de la versión corta de la Utrecht Work Engagement Scale en trabajadores argentinos. Pensamiento Psicológico, 16(2), 31-45.

Quiñones, M., Van den Broeck, A. y De Witte, H. (2013). Do job resources affect work engagement via psychological empowerment? A mediation analysis. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 29(3), 127-134.

Raudenbush, S., Bryk, A., Cheong, Y. F., Congdon, R., y Du Toit, M. (2004). HLM 6. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.

Rey, L., Extremera, N. y Pena, M. (2012). Burnout and work engagement in teachers: are sex and level taught important?. Ansiedad y Estrés, 18(1), 119-29.

Rich, B.L., Lepine, J.A. y Crawford, E.R. (2010). Job engagement: Antecedents and effects on job performance. Academy of Management Journal, 53(3), 617-635.

Saks, A.M. (2006). Antecedents and consequences of employee engage ment. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(7), 600-619.

Salanova, M., Martínez, I. M. y Llorens, S. (2014). Una mirada más “positiva” a la salud ocupacional desde la psicología organizacional posi tiva en tiempos de crisis: aportaciones desde el equipo de investigación WoNT. Papeles del Psicólogo, 35(1), 22-30.

Schaufeli, W.B. y Bakker, A.B. (2004). Job demands, job resources, and their relationship with burnout and engagement: A multi-sample study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(3), 293-315.

Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B. y Salanova, M. (2006). The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: A cross-national study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(4), 701-716.

Schaufeli, W.B., Bakker, A.B. y Van Rhenen, W. (2009). How changes in job demands and resources predict burnout, work engagement, and sickness absenteeism. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30(7), 893- 917.

Schaufeli, W.B. y Bakker, A.B. (2010). Defining and measuring work en gagement: Bringing clarity to the concept. En: Bakker AB, Leiter MP. Work engagement: A handbook of essential theory and research (pp. 10-24). New York: Psychology Press.

Schaufeli, W. (2012). Work engagement: What do we know and where do we go?. Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology, 14(1), 3-10.

Seppälä, P., Mauno, S., Feldt, T., Hakanen, J., Kinnunen, U., Tolvanen, A. y Schaufeli, W. (2009). The construct validity of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale: Multisample and longitudinal evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10(4), 459-481.

Siegrist, J. (1996). Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(1), 27-41.

Skaalvik, E.M. y Skaalvik, S. (2014). Teacher self-efficacy and perceived autonomy: Relations with teacher engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. Psychological Reports, 114(1), 68-77.

Stumpp, T., Muck, P.M., Hülsheger, U.R., Judge, T.A. y Maier, G.W. (2010). Core self-evaluations in Germany: validation of a German measure and its relationships with career success. Applied Psychology, 59(4), 674-700.

Tims, M. y Akkermans, J. (2017). Core self-evaluations and work enga gement: Testing a perception, action, and development path. PloS one, 12(8), 1-19.

Unda, S., Uribe, F., Jurado, S., García, M., Tovalín, H. y Juárez, A. (2016). Elaboración de una escala para valorar los factores de riesgo psicosocial en el trabajo de profesores universitarios. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 32(2), 67-74.

Van de Mortel, T.F. (2008). Faking it: social desirability response bias in self-report research. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25(4), 40-48.

Van den Broeck, A., Vansteenkiste, M., De Witte, H. y Lens, W. (2008). Ex plaining the relationships between job characteristics, burnout, and engagement: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction. Work & Stress, 22(3), 277-294.

van Doorn, R.R. y Hülsheger, U.R. (2015). What makes employees resi lient to job demands? The role of core self-evaluations in the rela tionship between job demands and strain reactions. European Jour nal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(1), 76-87.

Van Yperen, N.W. y Snijders, T.A. (2000). A multilevel analysis of the de mands-control model: Is stress at work determined by factors at the group level or the individual level?. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 182-190.

Walczak, R.B. y Derbis, R. (2015). The role of the happiness philosophy and core self-evaluations in defining job satisfaction as seen by the self and the significant other. Polish Journal of Applied Psychology, 13(4), 55-66.

Wu, C.H. y Griffin, M.A. (2012). Longitudinal relationships between core self-evaluations and job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(2), 331-342.

Xanthopoulou, D., Bakker, A.B., Demerouti, E. y Schaufeli, W.B. (2007). The role of personal resources in the job demands-resources model. International Journal of Stress Management, 14(2), 121-141.

Xanthopoulou, D., Bakker, A.B., Demerouti, E. y Schaufeli, W.B. (2009). Reciprocal relationships between job resources, personal resources, and work engagement. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 74(3), 235-244.

Xanthopoulou, D., Bakker, A.B. y Fischbach, A. (2013). Work engagement among employees facing emotional demands: The role of personal resources. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 12(2), 74-84.

Zhang, J., Wu, Q., Miao, D., Yan, X. y Peng, J. (2014). The impact of core self-evaluations on job satisfaction: The mediator role of career commitment. Social Indicators Research, 116(3), 809-822.

Publicado
2018-12-19
Cómo citar
Pujol-Cols, L. J. (2018). Autoevaluaciones esenciales y autonomía: un estudio de sus efectos directos e interactivos sobre el entusiasmo laboral en profesionales argentinos. Estudios Gerenciales, 34(149), 361-372. https://doi.org/10.18046/j.estger.2018.149.2839
Sección
Artículo de investigación